The River Kagera, at the boarder with Tanzania, is the only source of usable water in the area. Most communities are more than five miles away and must walk to the river with containers to carry water on their heads to their homes.
The rural District of Isingiro is very hilly and the water table is very deep. Where the water table is reachable, the underground water is toxic with mineral residues and unsuitable for human or animal consumption. Therefore, safe water must be harvested by collecting rainfall. Each partially underground water cistern costs about
$10,000.00 to build.